Waxbrothers Candles and Supplies
Perfect Prices - Perfect Gifts














�Making candles is fun and very easy.

Items you will need to get started.

  • cooker to melt the wax.
  • An old pot will do fine to start with.
  • pouring potClick link �to buy
  • something to stir the wax.
  • ThermometerClick link �to buy

Above are items found in most homes, so no expense so far.

If you are making candles in glasses or cups, you will not need any moulds. If you are making free standing candles or pillar candles, you will need a mould to make your candle. Moulds can be found all over the house or in hardware stores. ie pringle tins, beer cans, juice boxes etc..� visit our online store www.waxbrothers.ie for moulds and all candle supplies or call over to us.

Making a candle in a glass, tea cup or tin.

Making pillar candle

Making Tea cup or glasses candles

  1. melt container wax
  2. remove from heat when melted.
  3. Do not over heat wax.
  4. add colour if required - a little goes a long way.
  5. add scent if required (take notes) scent is the most expensive part.
  6. pour wax into cup or glass.
  7. insert wick a few min later.
  8. the tick tab will stick to the bottom of the cup or glass. no glue required.
  9. leave for a while and keep wick centered. www.youtube.com/waxbrothers1
  10. Its that easy.
  11. leave candle to cool.

pillar candles

  1. melt soya pillar wax or paraffin pillar wax
  2. remove from heat when melted.
  3. cut wick to size for mould.
  4. dip wick in wet wax and leave for a min.
  5. thread wick through your mould www.youtube.com/waxbrothers1
  6. tie a knot at one end and wrap around support at top of the mould. view youtube.
  7. add dye if required to your wax
  8. add scent if required.
  9. Check temp with thermometer.
  10. pour at approx 80 c
  11. Wax will shrink in the middle. that is normal.
  12. make relief holes on either side of the wick.
  13. leave candle to set.
  14. top up candle.
  15. undo knot and pop out of the mould.
  16. level the surface on a hot surface. (pot on low heat)
  17. you have made your first candle. experiment with different wicks and find the one that works well for you. the same goes for the ammount of scent used in candles.

Waxbrothers have candle making kits� for only �50. The kits are ideal if you want to start making candles for enjoyment or to start selling your own candles at a local market or fete. Other items can be bought also, like moulds, �fragrance, Thermometers and essential oils on our online store www.waxbrothers.ie

We offer free advice and have a free helpline for everyone who buys our kits.

  • 4�kg wax
  • 4 Colours, Red, Yellow, Blue and Green.
  • Selection of different wicks to test.
  • Full instructions
  • Help line
  • Free advice from our candle makers. www.waxbrothers.ie

�Buy online www.waxbrothers.ie
�Soap and candle fragrance advice below

"At a Glance" - Approximate Metric to Imperial Conversion Rates:

15 ml = 1/2 oz
50 ml = 1.75 oz
100 ml = 3.5 oz
500 ml = 16 oz

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ESSENTIAL & FRAGRANCE OILS?


Essential oils are highly concentrated plant extracts (usually steam distilled) and are used in aromatherapy applications.
The highly volatile essential oils offer therapeutic value and natural scent choices.
For use in soap making, the scent does not last as long as a fragrance oil. Essential oils as a rule should be diluted before using on the skin.
A patch test is always recommended before applying neat on the skin.

Fragrance oils are designed by the perfume industry for use in cosmetics and other household/industrial applications.
They offer a wider variety of scents, often less expensive than essential oils (such as rose, jasmine, violet, etc.).
Fragrance oils have more "staying power" in terms of scenting soaps & cosmetics.

HOW MUCH SCENT DO I NEED FOR SOAP?


This depends on your personal preference and the strength of the fragrance
(or essential oil).
General rule of thumb is at least 5 ml (1 teaspoon) per pound of glycerin soap*.

GENERAL FRAGRANCE CHART

(Based on 1 teaspoon per lb of soap)

Weight

Carrier

Metric

Imperial

1 lb

soap

5 mls

1 teaspoon

3 lb

soap

15 mls

3 teaspoon

9 lb

soap

45 mls

1.5 oz (9 tsp)

40 lb

soap

200 mls

6.70 oz.


*Please note: There are a few exceptions to this rule.

For instance, Top EO notes (citrus: bergamot, grapefruit, orange, etc.) have a tendency to evaporate VERY quickly in CP (cold process) soap.

The Mid/Base notes such as mints, pines, lavender, aniseed, fennel, lemongrass, citronella, patchouli, basil, cedarwood, cinnamon/clove, eucalyptus, fir needle, rosemary, geranium, sandalwood, etc. have fairly good staying power in cp soap.

Cold process soap making can be challenging to scent and more scent will be required.


1 ml of essential oil = 20 - 25 drops
5 ml of essential oil = 90 - 100 drops

Table of Quantities for Using Essential Oils

A handy chart for making your own fragrant massage, lotion or bath oil blends.
We hope you find this chart helpful. It is intended as a guideline and does not replace the advise of an expert. Suds N' Scents in not liable for any damages or misuse of information provided. Any application of supplies, products and recipes contained on this website is at the discretion of the reader/user.

You may share this information with friends. Practice safety, enjoy good health and have fun! Naturally...

Fragrance Chart

Percent Dilution

Measured Carrier

Number of Drops

How to Use

1%

2 oz (60 ml) oil/emulsion

12 drops

Standard

2%

2 oz (60 ml) oil/emulsion

24 drops

Typical

4%

2 oz (60 ml) oil/emulsion

48 drops

Specific Treatments

1%

4 oz (120 ml)

24 drops

Children/Elderly

2%

4 oz (120 ml)

48 drops

Typical

Candle Scent Basics

For many, the best thing about candles is their inviting scents. From fresh, crisp fragrances to candles that smell like baked goods, there are so many different smells to experience.

When you're making candles at home, it might seem tricky to figure out how much scent do you use to make a candle. Some of the factors that will influence the amount of fragrance include:

  • The quality and type of wax you're using
  • The size of the candle
  • The type of fragrance or essential oils being added
  • How strong you want the scent to be

Most fragrance oils and essential oils sold for the purpose of candle making will come with a recommendation for the amount used. These recommendations normally refer to added scent per pound of wax, and reflect the total amount of fragrance. If you're combining scents, it's important to keep in mind that you can't add the maximum amount of each scent to your candles, but rather a combination that adds up to this amount.

How Much Scent Do You Use to Make a Candle?

Here are some very basic guidelines for scenting a candle. Always refer to the instructions included with the fragrances for more detailed figures.

Essential Oils

Essential oils vary a great deal, and you'll find that there are significant differences in these qualities:

  • Strength of scent
  • Ease of blending
  • Staying power

Some essential oils can cause respiratory problems when burned, so always make sure that the ones you choose for candle making are appropriate for this purpose.

Generally, adding up to one ounce (or 5 ml) of essential oil per pound of wax is ideal. If you are working with soy or gel wax, start with half an ounce first and add a little bit more if a stronger scent is needed.

Fragrance Oils

Fragrance oils are man-made oils that offer an extremely wide variety of scents. There are many manufacturers of fragrance oils for candle making, so the quality of the oil will vary from company to company.Most fragrance oils come with clear instructions for use. If you have one that doesn't however, start with one ounce of scent per pound of wax. This should be the maximum for soy or gel wax candles.

If you're using a very high quality paraffin wax, you can increase the amount of fragrance oils a bit, going up to 1.5 ounces.

Adding Too Much Scent

Adding more scent to a candle can be tempting, because most people really want their candles to smell great and last a long time. There can be serious problems that result from adding too much scent though. These include:

  • Oily candles covered in residue that can appear to be wet
  • Candles that catch fire, since scent oils are highly flammable
  • Candles that smoke when lit
  • Mottled colors in the finished candle
  • Sputtering candles
  • Candles with indentations on the surface, caused by pockets of oil that couldn't be dissolved into the wax

Since some of these problems are actually very dangerous, it's important to keep your fragrance or essential oils within the recommended guidelines for candle making.

Experimenting with Candle Scents

One of the most enjoyable things about making candles is that you can experiment with different shapes, sizes, waxes, colors, and especially scents. You might be surprised to learn that you don't really need a lot of scented oils to produce a nicely scented candle. Try different amounts of fragrance, keeping within the limits, to see what works best for your own preferences.

About Triple Scented Candles

The phrase "triple scented" implies that a candle contains three times as much scent as an ordinary candle. This isn't always the case, however. Good quality triple scented candles definitely have a strong scent that lasts a long time, and spreads quickly throughout your home. The idea that there is more fragrance or essential oil in the candle is questionable, however.

Candle wax, be it paraffin, soy wax, or a blend, can only hold a limited amount of added oil. If you over scent a candle, you risk the fragrance oil seeping out of the wax and catching fire. This is certainly not a desired effect!

Triple scented candles make more sense if you consider that traditionally, before the super-scented candle craze began, the accepted amount of scent for candle making was 0.5 ounces per pound of wax. Therefore, a triple scented candle contains 1.5 ounces of fragrance per pound of wax, or 9% saturation.

How to Make Triple Scented Candles

The most important thing to remember when you make triple scented candles is that you cannot simply triple the amount of scent in any candle project. There are ways, however, to increase the strength of the candle fragrance, and widen the scent throw (the distance the scent can be detected from).

First, pick your favorite method for making homemade candles. If you haven't tried making candles before, here are some simple project ideas to get you started:

Choosing Your Supplies

Your choice of scent and wax will make a huge impact on the resulting fragrance strength of the finished triple scented candle. Here are some tips to help you get the biggest bang from your candle making supplies.

  • Fragrance oils are generally stronger and last longer than essential oils.
  • High quality fragrance oil is more expensive, but absolutely worth the extra money. Candle scents that are found at a craft store or department store won't be as good as those you purchase from an outlet specializing in candle making supplies.
  • A candle additive called Vybar can be added to the melted wax in order to stabilize the fragrance. While Vybar won't necessarily make the scent stronger, it will ensure even distribution of the fragrance, making the candle smell great each time it's in use. Use half a teaspoon of Vybar for each pound of wax.
  • Select a good quality candle wax that can hold more fragrance per pound than its cheaper counterparts.

Pay Attention to Detail

While candle making isn't always an exact skill, there are certain guidelines that should be adhered to for the best results. With triple scented candles, you'll want to pay special attention to these details:

  • Watch the temperature of the wax while it's melting. Follow the instructions that come with the wax, and don't exceed the recommended temperatures. Adding scent to candle wax that is too hot will kill the fragrance.
  • Store both your fragrance oil and your finished candles in a cool, dry, and dark place. Too much light or heat will spoil or greatly reduce the scent.
  • Use the right sized candle wick. A wick that is too large will burn more quickly, and use up the fragrance faster than one that is the correct size.

Experiment and Test

The best way to find the perfect combination of wax, fragrance, and wick is to experiment and keep trying new things. Wax blends vary a great deal, so if you're unhappy with your candles, try something different.Candle making supplies can get expensive, but some candle supply stores will offer small samples of their products that you can try before purchasing in quantity. Always ask if these are available when trying a new product.

Make your triple scented candles in small batches, or even one at a time, to test any changes or different products you might be using. When you hit on something you like, write down the exact recipe, including the manufacturers of the wax and fragrance, so you can duplicate the candle again.